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Asghar Khandachi; A man who could revolutionize the Iranian car industry.

Asghar Khandachi is one of the most influential industrial men in Iran, the one who revolutionized Iran's truck industry.

Bait Run - Elham Zohra Vand: Asghar Khandachi started producing trucks in Iran 70 years ago. When he saw that he could not change Iran's road facilities, he did not give up and did not say that because we do not have standard roads, we are doomed to be deprived of good modern cars. He changed the American cars, which were made for the characteristics of that country, to suit the Iranian roads and aroused the admiration of the American manufacturers.

It had become so important that he was taken to the factory by helicopter from American airports to place orders. It is known that in the conditions where gas stations were far apart on the country's roads, in order to solve the fuel problem of Mack trucks, a bucket with a larger capacity was installed on this car so that they would need refueling later.

He, who started his career from a 9-meter shop and years later had two thousand co-workers, was dismissed while he had expanded the Irankaveh factory to 250 thousand square meters. Perhaps he can be called the father of Iran's truck manufacturing and we should appreciate him for that. The trucks built by him bore the main burden of the country's progress and are still treading the roads of Iran at 70 years old.

Helping Iran away from Kaveh Iran

He, who was far away from his son Irankaveh, could not bear to see Iran under the invasion of Iraq and again spent his expertise and of course from his own pocket for the country. In this conversation, we get to know him and his great works.

This interview was conducted in his old garage on Qazvin street. The garage that has been closed and these days he has no motivation to take care of it because it was taken from him by the foundation and is in his possession. A building where a part of Iran's automobile history is built. An old man who needs to be spoken to is reminiscing in that old garage these days. He knows that his old, self-made building is not for him and he only grieves.

You are one of the oldest influential men in Iran's automobile industry. How and where did you start your career?

In 1342, the Ministry of Industries needed a deputy engineer and engineer Shirzad, one of his expert colleagues, were looking for someone to produce a car. because the king had threatened them to either build a car in Iran or leave the ministry. In order to solve this problem, they had inquired from the mechanics of Qazvin Street, they had heard that "Os Asghar" works on truck manufacturing.

That's why these two people came to my factory to see me and my work and maybe I can start their business. They saw a chassis that was longer than usual for Mack trucks and of course some parts mounted on it were in my factory. They asked that you changed the size of this chassis and made it longer than the original size? I said yes. They looked at each other, were very surprised and asked very enthusiastically, "Are you making something else?" I said that I also built a truck room. At that time, my factory had several openings; In one of the bays I was working on the chassis, in the other bay was the truck room, which I built all by myself. They were really happy when they saw the room.

The government's promise of cooperation was fulfilled

They eagerly looked at the parts I had made for the Mack truck and left with a sense of satisfaction on their faces. Later, they told me that after seeing my factory and getting to know the work we do, they had a meeting with the minister and explained that someone on Qazvin street made changes on the Mack truck without the help of any engineer and from experience, and even took parts from it. Makes. The minister also liked this story. A few days later, they invited me to go to the ministry, so I went.

They said that we will give you any permission and license to produce a large number of Mack trucks so that you can speed up the production of this truck. Honestly, they supported me in every way and did not cause any problems for me. I produced almost all parts of the Mac in my factory with the help of my colleagues.

Only the truck's engine and differential were still imported from America. I also applied for the production of the engine, but they told me that there are several factories in Tabriz, go to Tabriz and partner with whoever you want. I also went and saw several factories and talked to their owners, but I finally concluded that none of them It's not our job and we wanted to build an engine completely independently. The best engine for the truck was an American engine. Finally, we decided to build the engine ourselves, when the revolution happened and the work was canceled and we never built the engine.

Honoring Qods Industrial Group

With the presence of the Minister of Peace, Qods Industrial Group was honored as the sample exporter of Isfahan province in 2018.

In the ceremony of honoring the exporters of Isfahan province, 59 sample exporters and two national exporters were honored in the presence of Reza Rahmani, Minister of Industry, Mining and Trade. This ceremony was held in Isfahan Chamber of Commerce with the presence of exporters, industrialists, provincial officials and parliament members. Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad, as in previous years, was introduced as the sample exporter of Isfahan province in 2018.

Export of 8 million dollars of Qods Company of Najaf Abad

The CEO of Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad said: "Currently, customers of Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad are present in 12 countries, and Quds Company exports 2,200 tons of products annually, equivalent to 8 million dollars in foreign currency."

Mehdi Jaberi, CEO of Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad, on the sidelines of the 10th International Exhibition of Automotive Parts, Accessories and Assemblies, stated that this company has been operating for more than three decades: "Currently, Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad is engaged in the production of automotive metal products as Specially for heavy vehicles and five Quds companies as producers of driver's cabins and parts for Benz trucks, Optim Sanat Isfahan company as producer of CNG tanks made of tube sheets, Sepahan Steel Ring Company as producer of truck rims and fuel tanks, Metin Tegah Asia company as producer of household liquefied gas capsules And it has Ghods Industrial and Molding Company in the field of manufacturing all kinds of industrial molds with fully mechanized devices as its subcategory.
According to him, this company has been able to produce the complete interior of Benz, Hyundai, Capra and Isuzu trucks according to the standards of the world. Also, Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad, in addition to meeting the needs of the domestic market for truck body parts, exports a large part of its products to different countries.
Stating that this industrial group has created employment for 300 people, Jabri added: "During the last ten years, this company has exported its products to more than 16 countries in the world, and during this period, it has become the exporter of Isfahan province nine times."
The CEO of Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad pointed out the presence of this group in domestic and international exhibitions and said: "This year, the international exhibition of auto parts, accessories and collections was held like in previous years, and Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad also participated in this exhibition." Also, the most important part of attending the exhibitions is getting to know the customers and informing them, so that these connections lead to communication and negotiations. As this company has been able to take advantage of this in the past years and sign important contracts."
According to Jaberi, this company is one of the prominent mold makers in the country and all stages of designing, manufacturing and completing the products are done in Quds molding complex. Also, in addition to the needs of the Quds collection, this company cooperates with other companies as well.
He pointed to the custom manufacturing of parts by Quds Industrial Group for Saipa large mold companies, Saipa Innovation Research Center, Iran Khodro Diesel (Apco) and Bahman Diesel and clarified: "Shiller room molds were ordered by Bahman Diesel and Capra room molds were made for Bahman. Motor is one of the examples of this cooperation.
The CEO of Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad considered the problems of money transfer, SWIFT embargo, liquidity provision and L/C opening as the biggest problems of this industrial group and expressed hope: "With the complete removal of sanctions and communication with the world, these problems will also be solved and the economy will flourish again." Return to the country."
In another part of his speech, he mentioned the provision of this company's services by 47 agencies in the country and continued: "The customers of Quds Najafabad Industrial Group are present in 12 countries of the world." Also, as one of the subsidiary companies of this industrial group, Mateen Tagh Asia Company has obtained an export license since the beginning of 2014 and currently exports 200 tons of products per month. Also, Qods company exports 2,200 tons equivalent to 8 million dollars annually.
According to Jaberi, this company produces more than 700 types of products, all raw materials of which are completely procured from within the country. At the same time, he believes that the special conditions of the region and the war have overshadowed the exports of this company and moved the exports of Quds Industrial Group, which were previously to neighboring countries, to African countries.
The CEO of Quds Industrial Group of Najafabad stated that this group is asking for support from the government and the Ministry of Industry, Mining and Trade, and said: "The government should not only pay attention to the state-owned companies and the two big car manufacturers, and there is an expectation that the private sector will also participate in this." should be considered and the problems of this part of the economy should be considered. Meanwhile, the government can help the private sector by amending the laws."

Getting to know Mercedes Benz trucks

The production of kurzhauber trucks ended in 1997, but in Iran it continued for several years until now, it has almost reached zero, but the used models of this type of truck are still popular.

In 1959, the German Mercedes-Benz company, which is famous for producing luxury cars, started producing trucks named Kurzhauber to expand the production line and sell heavy products. These trucks with the big Benz logo that stood out in front of them were exported to countries from South America, Africa and the Middle East to transport goods and also serve the fire department.

Mercedes Benz trucks in Iran

Iran Khodro Company, which before the revolution was called Khavar Industrial Group, was established in Tehran in 1338 to produce trucks under the license of Moazzam Mercedes-Benz Company and started manufacturing all kinds of trucks and vans. In those years, several models of kurzhauber trucks entered the Iranian market, which were well received by heavy vehicle drivers, and thus فروش خاور در کشورمان از سال 1343 آغاز شد و با مونتاژ یک دستگاه کامیون در روز شروع کرد و تا سال‌ها با موفقیت ادامه داد و مدل‌های مختلفی از این نوع کامیون‌ها را تولید و به فروش رساند. طوری این کامیون ها در دل رانندگان ماشین‌های سنگین جا باز کرد که تا امروز هم مدل‌های دست دوم یا دست چندم آن را می‌بینیم که آهسته و پیوسته در جاده‌ها طی طریق می‌کنند و راننده‌ای که به روبرویش زل زده با گوش دادن به موسیقی‌های عامه پسند و آویزان‌هایی که به آینه خاورش وصل کرده و مدام تکان می‌خورند به سوی مقصد دور یا نزدیکش می‌راند. در واقع این صحنه راننده ماشین سنگین با خاوری قدیمی بارها در زندگی‌مان تکرار شده و به هیچ وجه هم کهنه نمی‌شود.

Years after Khavar entered Iran, this company was merged with Iran Khodro in 1378 and thus Iran Khodro Diesel Group was formed.

The production of Kurzhauber trucks ended in 1997, but in Iran it continued until a few years later, until now it has almost reached zero, but still used models of this type of truck are popular and many people on the site دیوار به دنبال کامیون برای خرید و فروش هستند به خرید خاور دست دوم در مدل‌هایی مانند خاور بنز 608 یا سری LK1924 به صورت نقد یا اقساط علاقمندند. ضمن اینکه در این سایت می‌توان لوازم یدکی مدل‌های مختلف کامیون‌های خاور را به صورت دست دوم یا نو با قیمتی مناسب‌تر از فروشگاه‌ها مستقیما از فروشنده خریداری کرد.

One of the successful productions of Iran Khodro was Khavar 608 diesel truck, which is still produced and is mostly used for transporting food and moving supplies.

Introducing Khavar Benz 608

We often see this truck on the streets every day for transporting furniture and food products. The volume of this engine is 3782 cc and its maximum engine power is 110 horsepower at 2800 rpm and its maximum engine torque is 340 Nm at 1400 to 2000 rpm. It has the Euro 2 emission standard and the gear is manual.

The fuel tank of this Eastern model is 100 liters and about 79 km/h is the maximum speed that can be driven on the street and road. This truck has a mechanical handbrake on the rear wheels and a mechanical steering wheel, and of course, the dry single-plate clutch with mechanical function is one of the disadvantages of this Eastern model.